Parallel Anthology Track 6
The Roud Folksong Index classifies this song as a version of Roud 409.
Wikipedia has a page on the song, which describes it as a "conglomeration of several English broadside ballads". This would make this composition traditional, and thus public domain.
www.78discography.com attributes authorship to "Kelly Harrell".
According to wikipedia, Kelly Harrell died in 1942, thus in any case this composition has been public domain since 1st January 2013.
The Butcher Boy by Peggy Seeger album released in 1955: Spotify Liner notes make no claim to copyright for writing or arranging.
Butcher Boy by Mrs. Doug "Ina" Harvey recorded in 1958: Max Hunter Collection
Butcher Boy by Mrs. Gladys McChristain recorded in 1958: Max Hunter Collection
The Butcher Boy by Lucy Quigley recorded in 1958: Max Hunter Collection
The Butcher's Boy by Dorothy Ross recorded in 1959: Max Hunter Collection